The parkland is a transition between the mixed-wood forests to the north and west and the drier prairies to the south and east. Stands of poplar are interspersed with grasslands and meadows, giving areas a park-like appearance. This rich agricultural land possesses black soils and generally receives ample rainfall.


Many of Alberta's major metropolitan centres occur in the parkland, including Calgary and Edmonton. The region is traversed by excellent all-season highways and gravel roads.